Each school must disclose crime statistics for the campus, unobstructed public areas immediately adjacent to or running through the campus, and certain non-campus facilities including Greek housing and remote classrooms. The statistics must be gathered from campus police or security, local law enforcement, and other school officials who have "significant responsibility for student and campus activities" such as student judicial affairs directors. Professional mental health and religious counselors are exempt from reporting obligations, but may refer patients to a confidential reporting system if one is available.
Crimes are reported in the following 7 major categories, with several sub-categories:
- Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter
- Negligent Manslaughter
- Forcible Sex Offenses
- Non-forcible Sex Offenses
- Aggravated Assault
- Motor Vehicle Theft
Schools are also required to report the following three types of incidents if they result in either an arrest or disciplinary referral:
- Liquor Law Violations
- Drug Law Violations
- Illegal Weapons Possession
If both an arrest and referral are made only the arrest is counted.
The statistics are also broken down geographically into "on campus," "residential facilities for students on campus," non-campus buildings, or "on public property" such as adjacent streets and sidewalks. Schools can use a map to denote these areas. The report must also indicate if any of the reported incidents, or any other crime involving bodily injury, was a "hate crime".
Any hate crime included on a Clery Report must meet the following criteria:
- Any offence or attempted offence of murder/non-negligent manslaughter, negligent manslaughter, sex offenses – forcible, sex offenses - non-forcible (only incest and statutory rape), robbery, aggravated assault, Burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson, larceny-theft, simple assault, intimidation, and vandalism.
- That was motivated by a bias of race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, or disability.
- That occurred on-campus, at non-campus buildings, or on adjacent public property.
Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter
The willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.
The killing of another person through gross negligence.
Sex Offenses : Forcible
Any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly and/or against that person’s will; or not forcibly or against the person’s will where the victim is incapable of giving consent.
Sex Offenses : Non-Forcible
Incidents of unlawful, non-forcible sexual intercourse.
The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
Aggravated assault is an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.
Burglary is the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. The UCR classifies offenses locally known as Burglary (any degree); unlawful entry with intent to commit a larceny or felony; breaking and entering with intent to commit a larceny; housebreaking; safecracking; and all attempts at these offenses as Burglary.
Motor Vehicle Theft
Motor vehicle theft is the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.
Arson is any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.
Hate Crime : Race
A crime committed against a person motivated by a preformed negative attitude toward a group of persons who possess common physical characteristics (e.g., color of skin, eyes, and/or hair; facial features, etc.) genetically transmitted by descent and heredity which distinguish them as a distinct division of humankind (e.g., Asians, blacks, whites).
Hate Crime : Gender
A crime committed against a person motivated by a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons because those persons are male or female. Gender bias is also a Clery Act-specific term, not found in the FBI’s Hate Crime Data Collection Guidelines.
Hate Crime : Religion
A crime committed against a person motivated by a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons who share the same religious beliefs regarding the origin and purpose of the universe and the existence or nonexistence of a supreme being (e.g., Catholics, Jews, Protestants, Muslims, Atheists).
Hate Crime : Sexual Orientation
A crime committed against a person motivated by a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their sexual attraction toward, and responsiveness to, members of their own sex or members of the opposite sex (e.g., gays, lesbians, heterosexuals).
Hate Crime : Ethnicity/National Origin
A crime committed against a person motivated by a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons of the same race or national origin who share common or similar traits, languages, customs and traditions (e.g., Arabs, Hispanics).
Hate Crime : Disability
A crime committed against a person motivated by a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their physical or mental impairments/challenges, whether such disability is temporary or permanent, congenital or acquired by heredity, accident, injury, advanced age or illness.
Defined as persons processed by arrest, citation, or summons.
Illegal Weapons Possession
Defined as the violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, concealment, or use of firearms, cutting instruments, explosives, incendiary devices or other deadly weapons.
Drug Law Violation
Defined as the violation of laws prohibiting the production, distribution, and/or use of certain controlled substances and the equipment or devices utilized in their preparation and/or use.
Liquor Law Violation
Defined as the violation of state or local laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, or use of alcoholic beverages, not including driving under the influence and drunkenness.
Referred for Disciplinary Action
Defined as the referral of any person to any official who initiates a disciplinary action of which a record is kept and which may result in the imposition of a sanction.
The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. Constructive possession is defined as “where one does not have physical custody or possession, but is in a position to exercise dominion or control over a thing”.
To unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.
All assaults which do not involve firearms, knife, cutting instrument, or other dangerous weapons and in which the victim did not sustain serious or aggravated injuries.
Destruction, Damage, Vandalism
To willfully or maliciously destroy, damage, deface, or otherwise injure real or personal property without the consent of the owner or the person having custody or control of it.